Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017

Cowen’s Oliver Chen and team cut their rating on Tiffany (TIF) to Market Perform from Outperform, citing “uncontrollable risks,” and stating a preference forSignet Jewelers (SIG). They explain:

how hwee young/European Pressphoto Agency

We lower our rating on Tiffany to Market Perform and reduce our price target to $70 (from $75), assuming a lower P/E multiple of ~18x FY16 of $3.78E. We note Tiffany’s valuation does appears inexpensive at a current P/E of ~16x vs. sector avg. of ~17x. While we acknowledge a potential M&A/take-private could be a possibility if Tiffany’s valuation remains depressed, we prefer not to build our thesis on potential M&A interest protecting downside. Instead, we monitor near-term challenges and wait to gain better visibility on positive catalysts for revenue & earnings growth.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Square, Inc.(SQ)

 

Square, Inc. develops and provides point-of-sale software worldwide. It provides Square Register, a point-of-sale system that takes care of digital receipts, inventory, and sales reports, as well as provides analytics and feedback. The company serves big and small businesses from bakeries to retailers. Its product, Square Register, is available in the App Store and on Google Play, and it is designed to run on a smartphone or tablet, and on counter. Square, Inc. is headquartered in San Francisco, California.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Lisa Levin]

    Square Inc (NYSE: SQ) shares dropped 19 percent to $10.58. Square reported a loss of $(0.29) per share and sales of $379 million. Wedbush downgraded Square from Neutral to Underperform.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Old National Bancorp Capital Trust I(ONB)

Old National Bancorp operates as a holding company for Old National Bank, which provides financial services to individuals and commercial customers primarily in Indiana, eastern and southeastern Illinois, and central and western Kentucky. The company?s Community Banking segment originates loans, such as home equity lines of credit, residential real estate loans, consumer loans, commercial loans, commercial real estate loans, letters of credit, and lease financing; and generates deposit products comprising noninterest-bearing demand, negotiable order of withdrawal, savings and money market, and time deposits. It also offers debit and ATM cards, telephone access, online banking, and other electronic banking services. In addition, this segment provides investment services and various brokerage products, including investment options and investment advice. Further, it offers merchant cash management and other services relating to the general banking business; reinsures credit l ife insurance; and provides property and casualty insurance. The company?s Treasury segment manages investments, wholesale funding, interest rate risk, liquidity, and leverage for the bank; and provides capital markets products, including interest rate derivatives, foreign exchange, and industrial revenue bond financing for its commercial clients. Old National Bancorp also offers fiduciary and trust services; and insurance brokerage services, such as commercial property and casualty, surety, loss control services, employee benefits consulting and administration, and personal insurance. As of December 31, 2010, it operated 161 banking financial centers, as well as loan production or other financial services offices. The company was founded in 1834 and is headquartered in Evansville, Indiana.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Ben Levisohn]

    The twenty stocks in Worth’s basket are: Ameriprise Financial (AMP) Bank of America, Banner (BANR), Citigroup, Citizens Financial Group (CFG), East West Bancorp (EWBC), First NBC Bank Holding (FNBC), HFF (HF), KeyCorp(KEY), Legacy Texas Financial Group (LTXB), Lincoln National (LNC), Morgan Stanley, Old National Bancorp (ONB), PacWest Bancorp (PACW), PNC Financial Services Group (PNC), Principal Financial Group (PFG), Stifel Financial (SF), SVB Financial Group (SIVB), TCF Financial (TCB), and Wells Fargo.

Top 5 Safest Companies To Own In Right Now: Neptune Technologies & Bioresources Inc(NEPT)

 

Neptune Technologies & Bioressources Inc., a nutrition company, develops, manufactures, and commercializes marine-derived omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from Antarctic krill. The company also provides custom-made nutraceutical finished products from marine oils, and various other functional ingredients. Its products include Neptune Krill Oil (NKO), which provides omega-3 with superior bioavailability and antioxidant content; NKO Beat improves heart health; NKO Flex provides joint and bone health benefits; and NKO Focus provides brain and vision health. In addition, the company is pursuing opportunities in the prescription drug markets, through its subsidiary, Acasti Pharma Inc., that focuses on the research and development of compounds for highly prevalent atherosclerotic conditions, such as cardiometabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. It markets and sells its products in Canada, the United States, France, Belgi um, Australia, the United Kingdom, and other countries. Neptune Technologies & Bioressources Inc. was founded in 1925 and is headquartered in Laval, Canada.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Monica Gerson]

    Neptune Technologies & Bioressources (NASDAQ: NEPT) is projected to post a quarterly loss at $0.01 per share on revenue of $9.70 million.

    Apigee Corp (NASDAQ: APIC) is expected to post a quarterly loss at $0.27 per share on revenue of $23.17 million.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Facebook, Inc.(FB)

 

Facebook, Inc. operates as a mobile application and Website that enables people to connect, share, discover, and communicate each other on mobile devices and personal computers worldwide. Its solutions also include Instagram, a mobile application that enables people to take photos or videos, customize them with filter effects, and share them with friends and followers in a photo feed or send them directly to friends; Messenger, a messaging application for mobile and Web on various platforms and devices, which enable people to reach others instantly, as well as enable businesses to engage with customers; and WhatsApp Messenger, a mobile messaging application. The company also develops Oculus virtual reality technology and content platform, which allow people to enter an immersive and interactive environment to play games, consume content, and connect with others. As of December 31, 2015, it had 1.04 billion daily active users ( DAUs) and 934 million DAUs who accessed Facebook from a mobile device. Facebook, Inc. was founded in 2004 and is headquartered in Menlo Park, California.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Javier Hasse]

    TD Ameritrade’s Managing Director of Trading, Nicole Sherrod, shared a look into what the firm’s clients did in July. Interestingly, the decline in exposure to equities was not only driven by net selling of stocks, but also by “lower volatility relative to the overall market of several widely held names” like Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL), Facebook Inc (NASDAQ: FB) and Bank of America Corp (NYSE: BAC).

  • [By Manikandan Raman]

    For some investors, investing in social media can be confusing, particularly when opting between giants such as Facebook Inc (NASDAQ: FB) and Twitter Inc (NYSE: TWTR).

  • [By Dan Caplinger]

    Bloomberg via Getty Images Ever since Facebook (FB) went public last year, investors have expected Twitter to follow suit. Last week, would-be Twitter buyers got their wish, as the company announced it was going public. The company’s method of making the announcement wasn’t all that surprising — Twitter tweeted it. Yet one key fact marked a big change to the IPO process: Investors didn’t get access to the IPO filing that companies have to submit to the SEC to get approval to go public. Instead, Twitter took advantage of new legal provisions allowing it to keep its IPO filing on Form S-1 confidential. This less-public method for launching a public offering came from the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act. Many of the provisions of the JOBS Act allow would-be public companies to prepare for their IPOs differently from how they have in the past — differences that have major implications for IPO investors seeking to make informed decisions about whether to buy shares of companies that are coming public. 1. Institutional Investors Will Get a New Edge Ordinary investors already suffer from substantial disadvantages in the IPO process. Many underwriting brokers reserve shares of the most-popular IPOs for their select customers, locking out many small investors entirely. As a result, ordinary investors often have to resort to buying shares on the open market after the initial offering, which can involve paying a big premium to the IPO price. Under the JOBS Act, institutional and other preferred customers will get another advantage. Companies considering an IPO will be able to meet with what the law calls qualified institutional buyers to get a sense of their interest in buying shares. That will give those accredited investors and institutions more potential advance notice of a coming IPO, giving them more time to research and investigate the company before the general public even knows an IPO is coming. 2. Expect More Speculation Based on Fewer Facts High-pro

  • [By Spencer Israel]

    2. Facebook Inc (NASDAQ: FB) – Facebook stock fell by almost 3%, and was one of the biggest losers on Monday. The largest social network also announced a change to its newsfeed algorithm that would place more of an emphasis on posts from friends and less from brands. The Information also reported that photosharing on Facebook-owned Instagram was down.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Formula Systems (1985) Ltd.(FORTY)

 

Formula Systems (1985) Ltd. provides a range of information technology (IT) solutions and services, and develops and markets proprietary software solutions. It offers software solutions and services, such as outsourcing and developing customized software; computer systems management infrastructures, Web world content management, database and data warehouse mining, application integration, database and systems, data management, and software development tools; computer and telecommunication infrastructure solutions; and professional training courses and advanced professional studies. The company also sells personal computers, portable computers, Intel servers, peripheral equipment, operating systems, servers, and workstations; provides computer and peripheral equipment maintenance services, lab, and helpdesk services; and sells and markets cloud based solutions. In addition, it offers Sapiens ALIS, an L&P software solution for i ndividual, group, and worksite insurance products; Sapiens Retirement Services for record-keeping management; Sapiens Closed Books, a solution to administer policies and claims relating to closed books of business; and Sapiens TOPAZ to handle L&P activities and regulations. Further, the company provides Sapiens IDIT for general insurance carriers; Sapiens Insight for business demands at the insurer level and regulatory needs at the state level; Sapiens Reinsurance that enables property and casualty/general insurance carriers and brokers to handle reinsurance activities on a single platform; and Sapiens DECISION, a business decision management solution. Additionally, it supplies professionals in the areas of accounting and finance, administrative, customer service, clinical, scientific and healthcare, engineering, manufacturing and operations, human resources, IT technology, LI/MFG, and marketing and sales. The company was founded in 1985 and is headquartered in Or Yehuda, Is rael.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Lisa Levin]

    On Friday, technology shares rose by 0.26 percent. Meanwhile, top gainers in the sector included Applied Materials, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMAT), up 9 percent, and Formula Systems (1985) Ltd. (ADR) (NASDAQ: FORTY) up 19 percent.

  • [By Lisa Levin]

    In trading on Thursday, technology shares fell by 0.32 percent. Meanwhile, top losers in the sector included Mitek Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: MITK), down 13 percent, and Formula Systems (1985) Ltd. (ADR) (NASDAQ: FORTY), down 8 percent.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Cheniere Energy, Inc.(LNG)

Cheniere Energy, Inc., incorporated on March 25, 1983, is an energy company primarily engaged in liquefied natural gas (LNG) related businesses. The Company operates through two segments: LNG terminal business and LNG and natural gas marketing business The Company owns and operates the Sabine Pass LNG terminal in Louisiana through its ownership interest in and management agreements with Cheniere Energy Partners, L.P. (Cheniere Partners), which is a publicly traded limited partnership. The Company owns approximately 100% of the general partner interest in Cheniere Partners and over 80% of Cheniere Energy Partners LP Holdings, LLC (Cheniere Holdings), which is a publicly traded limited liability company that owns approximately 56% limited partner interest in Cheniere Partners.

The Sabine Pass LNG terminal has operational regasification facilities owned by Cheniere Partners subsidiary, Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (SPLNG) that includes existing infrastructure of over five LNG storage tanks with capacity of approximately 16.9 billion cubic feet equivalent (Bcfe), over two docks that can accommodate vessels with nominal capacity of approximately 266,000 cubic meters and vaporizers with regasification capacity of approximately 4.0 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d). Cheniere Partners is developing and constructing natural gas liquefaction facilities (Sabine Pass Liquefaction Project) at the Sabine Pass LNG terminal adjacent to the existing regasification facilities through a subsidiary, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC (Sabine Pass Liquefaction). Cheniere Partners also owns a 94-mile pipeline that interconnects the Sabine Pass LNG terminal with a number of interstate pipelines (the Creole Trail Pipeline) through a subsidiary, Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P. (CTPL).

The Company is developing and constructing a second natural gas liquefaction and export facility at the Corpus Christi LNG terminal, which is on over 2,000 acres of land that it owns or controls near Corpus Christi, Texas,! and a pipeline facility (the CCL Project) through its subsidiaries Corpus Christi Liquefaction, LLC (CCL) and Cheniere Corpus Christi Pipeline, L.P. (CCP), respectively. The CCL Project also includes a 23-mile, 48-inch natural gas supply pipeline that will interconnect the Corpus Christi LNG terminal with several interstate and intrastate natural gas pipelines (the Corpus Christi Pipeline). The Companys subsidiary, Cheniere Marketing, LLC (Cheniere Marketing), is engaged in the LNG and natural gas marketing business, and is developing a portfolio of long-term, short-term and spot LNG sale and purchase agreements (SPAs).

LNG Terminal Business

The Company is focused on the development of over two LNG terminal projects: the Sabine Pass LNG terminal in western Cameron Parish, Louisiana, less than four miles from the Gulf Coast on the Sabine-Neches Waterway and the Corpus Christi LNG terminal near Corpus Christi, Texas. Through Cheniere Partners, the Company has constructed and is operating regasification facilities at the Sabine Pass LNG terminal and are developing and constructing the Sabine Pass Liquefaction Project. It owns approximately 100% of the general partner interest in Cheniere Partners and over 80.1% of Cheniere Holdings, which owns approximately 55.9% limited partner interest in Cheniere Partners. The Company owns approximately 100% interest in the CCL Project. Sabine Pass Liquefaction has third-party SPAs, including BG Gulf Coast LNG, LLC (BG), Gas Natural Aprovisionamientos SDG S.A. (Gas Natural Fenosa), Korea Gas Corporation (KOGAS), GAIL (India) Limited (GAIL) and Centrica plc (Centrica). Corpus Christi Liquefaction’s third-party SPAs include Endesa Generacion, S.A., Iberdrola S.A., Gas Natural Fenosa LNG SL, Woodside Energy Trading Singapore Pte Ltd, PT Pertamina (Persero), Electricite de France, S.A. and EDP Energias de Portugal S.A.

LNG and Natural Gas Marketing Business

Th e Companys subsidiary, Cheniere Marketing, is engaged in ! the LNG a! nd natural gas marketing business and is developing a portfolio of long-term, short-term and spot LNG purchase and spot LNG SPAs. Cheniere Marketing purchases, transports and unloads commercial LNG cargoes into the Sabine Pass LNG terminal and other LNG terminals around the world.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Justin Loiseau]

    Who else loves LNG?
    Currently, the DOE has approved exports of up to 5.6 billion cubic feet per day. Cheniere Energy (NYSEMKT: LNG  ) will be the first company to actually take advantage of its approval when its own Sabine Pass facility starts fueling out in 2015.

  • [By Jim Jubak, Senior Markets Editor, MoneyShow.com]

    Yesterday, September 12, shares of Cheniere Energy (LNG) hit a new 52-week high of $33.76. As of the close, they’d dropped back slightly to $33.10. That still puts the stock up 18.5% from its August 30 close.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: CVR Energy Inc.(CVI)

CVR Energy, Inc. (CVR Energy), incorporated on September 25, 2006, is a holding company. The Company engages in the petroleum refining and nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing through its holdings in CVR Refining LP (CVR Refining or the Refining Partnership) and CVR Partners LP (CVR Partners or the Nitrogen Fertilizer Partnership). It operates under two business segments: petroleum (the petroleum and related businesses operated by the Refining Partnership) and nitrogen fertilizer (the nitrogen fertilizer business operated by the Nitrogen Fertilizer Partnership). The Company’s Refining Partnership is an independent petroleum refiner and marketer of transportation fuels. Its Nitrogen Fertilizer Partnership produces and markets nitrogen fertilizers in the form of urea and ammonium nitrate (UAN) and ammonia. The petroleum business consists of a coking medium-sour crude oil refinery in Coffeyville, Kansas and a crude oil refinery in Wynnewood, Oklahoma. The nitrogen fertilizer bus iness consists of UAN and ammonia products.

Petroleum Business

The petroleum business, operated by the Refining Partnership, includes a complex full coking medium-sour crude oil refinery with a rated capacity of over 115,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd) and a complex crude oil refinery with a rated capacity of approximately 70,000 bpcd capable of processing over 20,000 bpcd of light sour crude oil (within its rated capacity of over 70,000 bpcd). The combined crude capacity represents approximately 22% of the region’s refining capacity. Its Coffeyville refinery’s product yield include gasoline (46%), diesel fuel (primarily ultra-low sulfur diesel) (43%), and pet coke and other refined products such as natural gas liquids (NGL) (propane and butane), slurry, sulfur and gas oil (11%). The Wynnewood refinery’s product yield included gasoline (52%), diesel fuel (primarily ultra-low sulfur diesel) (36%), asphalt (5%), jet fuel (4%) and other products (3 %).

The Company owns and operates a crude oil g! athering system serving Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Missouri, Colorado and Texas. The system has field offices in Bartlesville and Pauls Valley, Oklahoma and Plainville, Winfield and Iola, Kansas. The petroleum business owns a pipeline system capable of transporting approximately 170,000 bpd of crude oil from its Broome Station facility located near Caney, Kansas to its Coffeyville refinery. Crude oils sourced outside of the gathering system are delivered by common carrier pipelines into various terminals in Cushing, Oklahoma, where they are blended and then delivered to the Broome Station tank farm via a pipeline owned by Plains Pipeline L.P. (Plains). The petroleum business also has a rack marketing division supplying product through tanker trucks directly to customers located in close geographic proximity to Coffeyville, Kansas and Wynnewood, Oklahoma and to customers at throughput terminals on Magellan Midstream Partners, L.P. (Magellan) and NuStar Energy, LP’s (NuStar) refined products distribution systems. The Coffeyville refinery has the capability to process blends of various crude oil ranging from heavy sour to light sweet crude oil. The Wynnewood refinery has the capability to process blends of various crude oil ranging from medium sour to light sweet crude oil, although isobutane, gasoline components, and normal butane are also typically used.

The Company competes with Phillips 66, HollyFrontier, CHS, Valero and Flint Hills Resources.

Nitrogen Fertilizer Business

The nitrogen fertilizer business, operated by the Nitrogen Fertilizer Partnership, is a nitrogen fertilizer plant in North America that utilizes a pet coke gasification process to produce nitrogen fertilizer products, which are used primarily by farmers to manage the yield and quality of their crops. The nitrogen fertilizer facility includes a 1,300 ton-per-day ammonia unit, a 3,000 ton-per-day UAN unit and a gasifier complex having a c apacity of approximately 90 million standard cubic feet per ! day of hy! drogen. The nitrogen fertilizer business’ principal products are UAN and ammonia. These products are manufactured at its facility in Coffeyville, Kansas. The nitrogen fertilizer business’ product sales are heavily weighted toward UAN and all of its products are sold on a wholesale basis. The nitrogen fertilizer business owns all of the truck and rail loading equipment at the nitrogen fertilizer facility. The nitrogen fertilizer business also utilizes over two separate UAN storage tanks, and related truck and railcar load-out facilities. Each of these facilities, located in Phillipsburg and Dartmouth, Kansas, has a UAN storage tank that has a capacity of over two million gallons, or approximately 10,000 tons. The Phillipsburg property that the terminal was constructed on is owned by a subsidiary of CVR Refining, which operates the terminal. The Dartmouth terminal is located on leased property owned by the Pawnee County Cooperative Association, which operates the terminal. The purpose of the UAN terminals is to collectively distribute approximately 40,000 tons of UAN fertilizer annually. The nitrogen fertilizer business sells UAN products to retailers and distributors. In addition, it sells ammonia to agricultural and industrial customers.

The Company competes with Agrium, Inc., Koch Nitrogen Company, LLC, Saskatchewan, Inc., CF Industries Holdings, Inc. and Terra Nitrogen Company, LP.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Robert Rapier]

    CVR Partners’ fertilizer plant is located in Coffeyville, Kansas, adjacent to the refinery owned by CVR Refining (NYSE: CVRR). CVR Energy (NYSE: CVI), majority-owned by Carl Icahn via Icahn Enterprises (NYSE: IEP), is the general partner and owns most of the units for both CVR Partners and CVR Refining.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Jabil Circuit Inc.(JBL)

Jabil Circuit, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, provides electronic manufacturing services and solutions worldwide. The company offers electronics and mechanical design, production, product management, and after-market services to companies in the aerospace, automotive, computing, consumer, defense, industrial, instrumentation, medical, networking, peripherals, solar, storage, and telecommunications industries. Its services comprise integrated design and engineering; component selection, sourcing, and procurement; automated assembly; design and implementation of product testing; parallel global production; enclosure services; and systems assembly, direct-order fulfillment, and configure-to-order services. The company also provides set-top boxes, mobility products, and display products, as well as peripheral products, such as printers and point of sale terminals; and aftermarket services consisting of warranty and repair services. Jabil Circuit, Inc. was founded in 196 6 and is headquartered in St. Petersburg, Florida.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Amber Hestla, Michael J. Carr]

    Another Apple supplier to consider is Jabil Circuit (NYSE: JBL), a company that offers a number of manufacturing services to customers in the technology sector.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Gladstone Land Corporation(LAND)

 

Gladstone Land Corporation, an externally-managed agricultural real estate investment trust, owns and leases farmland for independent and corporate farming operations in the United States. It owns 46 farms covering an area of 23,000 acres in 7 states across the United States. The company also leases a parcel on its property to an oil company. Gladstone Land Corporation was founded in 1997 and is based in McLean, Virginia.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Cameron Swinehart]

    Gladstone Land Corp (LAND) –

    A U.S. based farmland investment company that currently offers a plus 9% annual distribution. It owns and leases farmland in Florida, California, Michigan and Oregon with appraised land value of $79 million. The distribution is paid monthly which should attract income investors.

Top 10 Beverage Companies To Invest In 2017: Pound/Rand(PX)

Praxair, Inc. engages in the production, distribution, and sale atmospheric and process gases, as well as surface coatings in North America, Europe, South America, and Asia. The company offers atmospheric gases, such as oxygen, nitrogen, argon, and rare gases; and process gases comprising carbon dioxide, helium, hydrogen, electronic gases, specialty gases, and acetylene. It also designs, engineers, and builds equipment that produces industrial gases; and manufactures precious metal and ceramic sputtering targets used primarily in the production of semiconductors. In addition, the company supplies surface coatings consisting of wear-resistant and high-temperature corrosion-resistant metallic and ceramic coatings and powders to the aircraft, energy, printing, textile, plastics, primary metals, petrochemical, and other industries. Further, it provides electric arc, plasma, and oxygen fuel spray equipment, as well as arc and flame wire equipment used for the application of wea r-resistant coatings; and distributes welding equipment purchased from independent manufacturers. The company sells its products primarily through independent distributors. It serves various industries, such as healthcare, petroleum refining, computer-chip manufacturing, beverage carbonation, fiber-optics, steel making, aerospace, chemicals, and water treatment industries. The company was founded in 1907 and is headquartered in Danbury, Connecticut.

Advisors’ Opinion:

  • [By Ben Levisohn]

    The last twelve months haven’t been kind to Praxair (PX) and Air Products & Chemicals (APD), but UBS analyst John Roberts and team argue that’s about to change, as they upgrade their shares to Buy from Neutral arguing that their earnings can withstand a slowing global economy:

    In our view, the two stocks are more alike than different. NTM P/Es are within ~0.5 pts of each other. Both stocks have declined ~20% from their historical highs the largest corrections in 20+ years aside from the financial crisis…

    Industrial gas stocks have normally grown through changes in FX, oil & China demand within normal historical ranges. And investor concerns around China forAir Products & Chemicals may still prove much bigger than reality. Nevertheless, the combination of FX & oil sector impacts on Praxair, and FX & China issues for Air Products & Chemicals, have been much larger than previously seen. With oil already down, the dollar already appreciated, & China concerns already heightened we believe forward basis would appear to carry only normal risks (& lower if FX & oil are mean-reverting, which some theories support).

    Normal high single digit EPS growth projected for both in 2017 vs 2016: Four large firms serve 70%+ of the global merchant gas market, and price normally contributes ~2% to growth. Customer older captive units being outsourced contributes another 2%. Secular drivers for oxygen include energy savings (i.e. O2 burns more efficiently than air), life sciences (healthcare & microbial processes) nitrogen secular drivers include increasing purity requirements (food freezing & semiconductors). Topline growth ~2x global GDP more normal, with EPS growth ~2x sales growth due to high fixed costs (key variable costs are inexpensive air & power).

    Financial crisis demand drop was only a few %, in line with global GDP drop Most chemicals volumes dropped 10%+ (some 40%